Impeaching a Witness (Criminal Procedure)

Cross-examination as to previous statements in writing

Section 147 Evidence Act.—(1) A witness may be cross-examined as to 
  • previous statements made by him in writing or reduced into writing, 
  • and relevant to matters in question in the suit or proceeding in which he is cross-examined, 
  • without such writing being shown to him or being proved; 
but if it is intended to contradict him by the writing, his attention must, before the writing can be proved, be called to those parts of it which are to be used for the purpose of contradicting him.



Section 147(3) Evidence Act - Where in any proceedings a previous inconsistent or contradictory statement made by a person called as a witness in those proceedings is proved by virtue of this section, that statement shall by virtue of this subsection be admissible as evidence of any fact stated therein of which direct oral evidence by him would be admissible.

Impeaching credit of witness

157. The credit of a witness may be impeached in the following ways by the adverse party or,
with the consent of the court, by the party who calls him:
(c) by proof of former statements inconsistent with any part of his evidence which is liable
to be contradicted

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  1. That statement shall by virtue of this subsection be admissible as evidence of any fact stated therein of which direct oral evidence by him would be admissible. criminal defense lawyer Houston

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